نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دپارتمان روان شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تنکابن، تنکابن، ایران
2 روان پزشک
عنوان مقاله [English]
Resilience is one of the main structures of personality for understanding motivation, emotion, behavior and capacity to withstand stress and disaster. Resiliency is defined as a power or an ability to return to early life and beginning of a new condition by reducing stressful pressures or distortion of it and replacing it with joy. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between defensive styles of early maladaptive schemas with resilience. So, in a descriptive study, 250 high school students in Tehran were selected by multistage cluster sampling and were tested in terms of defensive style, early maladaptive schemas, and resilience. The results of multiple regression analyzes indicated that there is a positive correlation between the resilience with mature defense mechanisms and a negative correlation with early maladaptive schemas cuts, rejection, autonomy ,impaired performance, other directed and impaired limitations. Also, it was found that mature and immature defense styles are predictors of resilience and immature defense style predict reduced resilience and early maladaptive schemas of resiliency. It seems that mature defense-style along with maladaptive autonomy schemas, impaired performance, over hyper vigilance and inhibition can also predict the improvement or increase of the resiliency.